- Jesus’ birth (out of a woman, he says, with no mention of a human father - Paul does not give names of parents – neither his own nor, unsurprisingly therefore, Jesus’ parents)
- Jesus’ location (Judea)
- Jesus’ childhood included having brothers and being in a family of observant Jews
- era in which Jesus lived (first half of first century - see timeline)
- Paul also references moral teachings in a way consistent with someone who knew they were Jesus’ teachings
- he also references Jesus’ apocalyptic views in a similar way
- he mentions Jesus’ betrayal (although he does not care to name his betrayer, just as he mentions ‘the twelve’ without bothering to name most of them)
- Paul calls Jesus the 'Son of Adam', which in Hebrew of course is exactly the same as 'Son of Man' (ben-'adam), the name by which Jesus called himself
Jesus’ genealogy and birth
- Indeed: "To them [the Jews] belong the patriarchs, and from their race, according to the flesh, is the Messiah" (Romans 9:5)
• Jesus' death was associated with Passover, which is a specific time in the Jewish calendar each year when lamb was killed (1 Cor 5:7).
You may have noticed that 1 Corinthians is the most informative of Paul's letters about Jesus' death -so, to pick these out from it:
• Jesus death was associated with a time in the Jewish calendar when a lamb was killed - Passover
• Jesus was betrayed at night-time, during a gathering which extended from before supper till after supper, at which Jesus handled some of the food and a cup
• Jesus’ death was by crucifixion
• Jesus died and was buried
Of course, all of those details are also found in the gospels, but that's a subject for other posts. You'll notice elsewhere in this post that it is also in 1 Corinthians that quite a bit of the other material here is found too.
- servant – and this was towards circumcised people (that is to say, Jews) (Romans 15:3, 8)
- Jesus chose a life of poverty, and Paul describes Jesus as meek and gentle (2 Corinthians 8:9; 10:1
- 'the twelve' (1 Cor 15:5). Paul just assumes that the reader knows what he means by 'the twelve'.
- 1 Thess 4:15-16 = Matthew 24:31 (note the mention of the trumpet)
- 1 Thess 4:17 = Matthew 25:5-7 (note the mention of meeting Jesus)
- 1 Thess 5:3-7 = Matthew 24:42-43 (note the mention of the thief in the night)
- 1 Cor 7:10-11 = Mark 10:9-12 (on marriage and divorce)
- 1 Cor 9:14 = Luke 10:7 (on labourers for the Lord being paid)
- There is a general alignment too with a good deal of Jesus' ethical teaching, and it is striking that out of all the alternatives in Paul's world, this finds its way into his letters. So in Romans:
- Romans 12:14 = Matthew 5:44
- Romans 12:17 = Matthew 5:38-48
- Romans 13:7 = Mark 12:17
- Romans 13:8 = Mark 12:31
- Romans 14:13 = Mark 9:42
- Romans 14:14 = Mark 7:15
- Romans 14:20 = Mark 7:19
The important thing shown by this is that, whether you think this is a connection between Paul and the words of the pre-resurrection Jesus or post-resurrection Jesus, you can't say that teachings associated with the pre-resurrection Jesus are completely missing, as they are not.
Glen Miller provides more example here.
Did Jesus Really Exist? 1. A little introduction
Did Jesus Exist? 3a. What did St Paul know about the life story of Jesus?
Did Jesus Exist? 3b. Why didn’t St Paul say more about Jesus?
Did Jesus Exist? 3c. Did Peter and Paul talk about Jesus?
So when did St Paul persecute the church? (And when did Jesus die?)
Did Jesus Exist? 5. Did Paul invent Jesus?